Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change (Solomon Islands)

BMT conducted a study on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) to climate change in the Solomon Islands.

21 December 2018

Built Environment

Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change (Solomon Islands)

BMT conducted a study on Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) to climate change in the Solomon Islands. It enabled us to build understanding of the linkages between socio-economic and ecological systems and processes in the context of climate change. It also helped to develop appropriate ecosystem-based solutions. Building community resilience through Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) is a new application of BMT’s climate change capabilities. 

EbA is about developing natural solutions for building community resilience to climate change. For developing and island communities in particular, improving the resilience of natural ecosystems aids the sustainability of communities in the context of both climate change and other existing pressures, allowing multiple benefits to be obtained, and preventing the need for expensive engineered solutions in the short to medium term.

BMT mapped and assessed the condition of ecosystems through on-ground, interactive consultation with local communities in two locations in Solomon Islands: Honiara, the nation’s capital, and Wagina Island, a small island in Choiseul Province. These studies were supplemented with existing information, remote sensing, government and stakeholder workshops, and environmental site inspections. We evaluated the environmental goods and services that flow from these ecosystems to support understanding of how they contribute to social resilience. With the help of economists, we also conducted economic valuations of key ecosystem services at relevant spatial scales.

Finally, we conducted a risk assessment of the complex climate change and non-climate interactions that impact on the current and future ecological integrity of these intricate social-ecological systems and the services that they provide. We then used the generated information to inform the design and selection of tailored climate change adaptation interventions using the EbA approach.

This work was undertaken for the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP) as part of their ‘Pacific Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change’ (PEBACC) project, and was presented to the Pacific Islands Roundtable for Nature Conservation in August, 2017. SPREP are now in the process of progressing the next phase of the PEBACC project, which is implementing  the on-ground EbA priorities.

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BMT was awarded The Australia and New Zealand Institute for Sustainable Management (ANZISM) 2018 Sustainable Management Award (Internationally Funded Category) for this project.

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This article is part of #BestOfBMT (2018) campaign featuring the most interesting projects BMT was involved in throughout the year.

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